Is diabetes a disease?
Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that are characterized by abnormally high blood glucose levels, resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Mechanistically, type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from immune-mediated, pancreatic β-cell destruction and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is generally multifactorial, resulting from increasing insulin resistance, diminishing insulin production (relative or absolute), and impairments in glucose metabolism. While type 2 diabetes is strongly correlated with obesity, not all patients with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
Signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes can include increased thirst and urination, increased appetite, loss of weight, fatigue, change in vision, frequent infection, and patches of darkened skin.
What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s own immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that affects your body’s metabolism of glucose (sugar). It is the most common form of diabetes and is caused by resistance to insulin or the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin.
T1D vs. T2D: What Is the Difference?
Although both Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D) are chronic diseases that relate to how your body produces and uses insulin, they are very different.
What does it mean to have prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition that a person has prior to developing type 2 diabetes, when blood glucose levels are higher than the normal range, but not yet high enough to be defined as diabetes.